Edappadi (also spelt as Edappadi or Idappadi) is one of the developing town and a municipality in Salem district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Edappadi was once known for its thriving power loom industry. The economy is diversified. The main modes of income are agriculture, lorry & heavy truck transport, granite, textile powerloom, entertainment and foundry. It is second largest town in Salem Dt. next to Attur.
The rocks around the Edappadi is expected to have more number of rare minerals. The name is derived from a group of family name 'Edayar' (means the people who survived with Cow, Buffalo and house animals). Now it is an ideal place for peaceful life and harmony synchronize with nature living. The water was supplied by Cauvery river and 'Periya-yeri' (Big-lake) near Edappadi. It is surrounded by many lakes like, Periyayeri, ChettiYeri, Punka-yeri, Reddipatti-Yeri, Kavadikaranoor-Yeri(Aachampalli Yeri). It is an Ideal spot for Cinema shootings (Rich in Forest, Riverside, Rocky landscape, Village peoples with reality). As of 2011, the town had a population of 55,385.
Edappadi is located at 11.58°N 77.85°E. It has an average elevation of 288 m (945 ft). It is situated at the basin of the hill called 'Soorieya malai'(Mountain of Sun). The epic says, the Panja Pandavas were resided at the top of the hill during the first year of their 14 years forest living. Still this mountain doesn't have any plants due to its rocky and unusual properties. The research done by Periyar University Geologist shows it consist of rare radioactive minerals. Edappadi has a variable terrain. Sankagiri - Edappadi route via Veerappam Palayam and Sunnambukkuttai is rocky. It is really beautiful view of this town, while seen from 'Konamoori'(A Bridge with dangerous Turns in Kavadikaranoor) busstop via. Sankagiri - Edappadi route.
River Cauvery is 6 km away from Edappadi. The Government boys school is one of the olddest school in the District started in the year 1940s and it founded by Thiru. Nachiappa Gounder, an eminent personality and an excellent MLA during the 1940s. It produces many Doctors, Engineers, Scientists, Sportsmen, NRIs and industrialists. It has second biggest play ground and student strength in Salem Dt. Sarbanka was the river passing through Edappadi. It was originating from Shevaroy Hills. Now it is only carrying left outs and sevages of Edappadi residents.
The Nanjundeshwarar temple is situated in the centre of the town one of the rare Shivan temples in India. Amazing festival celebration every year "kavadi padhayathirai", people from the whole Edappadi go and celebrate the dharishanam of Palani Murugan Temple at Palani. Interesting thing mostly everybody go to Palani by walk or pathayathirai around 180 km. Edappadi Kavadi peoples have a separate darshan and rights in Palani Murugan Temple and its more than four centuries relationship.
Located in the Salem district of the state, Edappadi is one of the most important textile areas. It is situated 34 km from Salem. River Sarabanga, Soriyankaradu mountain which is 5 km away from the town are the major geographical features of this region.
Spread over an area of 28.22 km2. With a population of over 55385 (2011 Census), the economy of the town revolves around the manufacture of towels and lungies. Poolampatti is the nearest tourist spot and many cinema shootings were taken here.
The climate in Edappadi is very hot in summer and mildly cooler climate in winter. The monsoon rain starts around October to November. May, June will be windy and summer raining season starts.
Education in Edappadi
Amala Matriculation Higher Secondary School
Universal Public School
Government Boys Higher Secondary School
Government Girls Higher Secondary School
Saraswathi Vidhyalaya Nursery & Primary School
SKT Higher Secondary School
Acharya Group of Institutions
Reliance Matriculation School
Universal Matriculation School, Konangkuttaiyur, Edappadi.
Wisdom Matriculation Higher Secondary School, Edappadi.
st Marys matriculation school,v.valasai,Edappadi.
kalaimagal nursery and primary school, Edappadi.
kalaimagal vidhyasaram matriculation school, Edappadi.
Periyar University Constituent Arts & Science College has been functioned in Edappadi from 2016 itself. It has been inaugurated in Government of Tamil Nadu by Dr.J.Jayalalitha. More than 1200 students studying.
Most of the population is depending on Power Loom weaving. There are thousands of power looms standing idle due to a workforce that is focussed on migrating to other towns is search of higher pay in other industries. Lack of irrigation projects has led to frequent draughts even though a large river (Cauvery) flows just 10 km from the town. The main reason for the poverty of Edappadi is the lack of viable entrepreneurial opportunities, electricity and a strong work force.
Edappadi assembly constituency was part of Salem (Lok Sabha constituency) till now. Edappadi constituency is a separate state assembly constituency from 1952 itself. Currently Edappadi K. Palanisamy is sitting MLA of ADMK and current Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Edappadi is well Connected in road with major cities in Tamil nadu. Now new outer ring road were constructing around Edappadi town to avoid high traffic in town. Edappadi bus stand is situated in center of the town.TNSTC-Salem serves daily bus services from Edappadi to Chennai, Bengaluru, Coimbatore, Madurai, Kumbakonam, Chidambaram, Hosur. Nearest Airport is Salem Airport, it is situated 30 km from Edappadi. Now government planning to build a new bus stand in Edappadi.